Religion: Introduction

Religion in the Aegean region during the Late Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman periods was subject to constant change, as was the society in which it was operating.


This is visible in many different ways in both Athens and Ephesus; hence religion will be the subject of this part of the exhibition. While an integral part of archaeological research and the butt of plenty of jokes (“if you don’t know what something is, call it ritual”), religion and ritual are difficult to study.


For Athens, we are looking at religion through the lens of the buildings in which faith was practised: temples, churches and later mosques.

For Ephesus we are looking at the topographical relationship between pagan and Christian shrines, as well as a number of pottery assemblages.