The research presented in this exhibition is based on various essays written for the 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 research seminar 'The Archaeology of a Byzantine city'. This seminar was part of the Research Master Curriculum at the Faculty of Archaeology of Leiden University, and was supervised by Dr. Joanita Vroom. The participating students were Monique Arntz, Koen Berghuijs, Anouk E. Everts, Fenno Noij, Luigi Pinchetti, Iskander Sonnemans, Jacqueline Splinter, Giacomo Fontana, Maria Hadjigavriel, Anna Lipp, Anne van Bussel and Thomas Vijgen.


The online exhibition is based on data provided by the American School of Classical Studies at Athens (ASCSA) and by the Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut (ÖAI). We would like to thank in particular Professor John McK. Camp II, director of the Athenian Agora excavations of the ASCSA, and Dr. Sabine Ladstätter, director of the Ephesos excavations of the ÖAI, for their support and collaboration. In addition, special thanks go to all the excavators, researchers and staff members on both sites. We thank the Athenian Agora Excavations (an ASCSA project) and the ÖAI for their permission to use images from their websites.


Furthermore, we would like to thank Professor Richard Hodges, the Albanian institute of Archaeology in Tirana, the initiators of the Butrint project and the Butrint Foundation in London for providing us with their data and field reports thus enabling the analyses and results presented here.


The data on the city of Tarsus was kindly provided by the Bosphorus/Boğaziği University in Istanbul, Turkey. Special thanks go to Dr. A. Özyar for this collaboration.


Finally, the students of the 2015/ 2016 and 2016/ 2017 research seminars thank Prof. Dr. Joanita Vroom for kindly providing us with her pottery datasets and her analysis of the material from Butrint, Ephesus and Athens as well as for shared research and presentation hours throughout the course time.


Monique Arntz, Anouk  E. Everts and Anna Lipp